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A new grain terminal being built at the Zarubino port in Russia is scheduled to complete construction by 2020, according to reports from former Deputy Minister of Transport Victor OlerskiyThe design process is already underway, stated Olerskiy, who was also Head of the Rosmorrechflot in the Russian Federation. The new container terminal will be used to handle part of Russia’s grain exports as well as cargo imports from China’s north-eastern provinces located to the south of Zarubino. More details of the existing port of Zarubino can be viewed in the embedded short video. An estimated 200 billion rubles have been invested in the new grain terminal project. 

Port Infrastructure 

The port of Zarubino, Primorsky Krai, currently transports a variety of cargo types successfully. The port is located on the sea border between Russia, the Republic of Korea and Japan, as well as on the land border between Russia, North Korea and China. This strategic location already facilitates logistics in multiple directions by various routes, including a rail link as well as sea and land. The Trinity Bay sea port has its own railway tracks at an international point for border crossing, with investors in the new project planning a new set of railway tracks for the grain port under construction. Additional electrical power is being provided to the site under the jurisdiction of Andrey Tarasenko, acting governor of the port. Current electrical capacity is four MW, but more impressive capacity can be achieved through a new CHP plant, according to information from the head of the region. The PDF attachment looks at what a CHP plant is. The bay surrounding the port is also free of ice, enabling navigation without recourse to ice-breakers. 

Port Construction 

Primorsky Marine Grain Terminal LLC (PZMT) provides a solution to the challenges of grain transportation through the Pacific Ocean and ports of the Far East. PZMT was founded by Vasily Vasilyev and is part of the wider Livadia Port group. The project involves building not only the terminal itself, but also non-public ways adjacent to the port to interconnect the Petrovka station with the loading and unloading complex. The port will be comprised of three main parts: land buildings, a floating mooring dock and coast-sea concreted platform. The latter of these will contain dispatching services, silos and the railway. Hopper cars will also be received by the port in two 35-car channels. Grain will be unloaded directly and simultaneously onto conveyor belts located underneath the railway tracks, from where it can be fed into the seven storage silos. The grain can then be loaded into the vessel from the silos with buckets and conveyors. 

Funding and Trading 

The founder of PZMT will be part-funding the project, with further funding coming in from partnerships with Russian producers of grain. The intention is for the company to work with domestic traders. Several companies are on board to produce the required equipment and select the necessary equipment throughout the design stage of the project. PZMT is also expecting to gain the right to import necessary equipment duty-free under the status of resident of the Free Port of Vladivostok. At present, most other port construction projects in the Far East are under the remit of Chinese grain producers seeking better transit options for their own products. There are several specialised port facilities for grain export under construction or in the planning and design stages in the Far East. 

In the infographic attachment, view some of Russia’s largest existing ports.